Ac Capacitor-Types , Wiring Diagram , Hsn code, Price

Ac capacitor When a DC supply voltage is applied to the capacitor, it slowly charges until it enters its fully charged state. The charging voltage of a capacitor is equal to the supply voltage at this point. As long as voltage is applied, the capacitor serves as an energy supply.

Since they have fully charged, capacitors do not allow current I to pass through them. The sum of charge in the plates of capacitors determines the current flowing through the circuit, and the current is also equal to the rate of change of voltage applied to the circuit. I = dQ/dt = C dV(t)/dt, for example.

If the supply voltage passes from positive half cycle to negative half cycle and vice versa, the charging current reaches its maximum value. i.e. in a sine wave signal at 00 and 1800.

When the supply voltage of a sine wave crosses over at its highest or minimum peak value, the current through the Ac capacitor reaches its lowest value (Vm). As a result, depending on the supply voltage levels of sine wave, the charging current flowing through the circuit is either optimum or minimal.

Ac Capacitor Types

So there are 8 (Eight) types of capacitor.

  1. Ceramic capacitors
  2. Film capacitors
  3. Power film capacitors
  4. Electrolytic capacitors
  5. Supercapacitors
  6. Class X and Class Y capacitors
  7. Miscellaneous capacitors
  8. Variable capacitors

Ceramic capacitors

A ceramic capacitor is a non-polarized fixed capacitor consisting of two or more alternating layers of ceramic and metal, with the ceramic serving as the dielectric and the metal serving as the electrodes. The ceramic substrate is made up of finely ground paraelectric or ferroelectric granules that have been modified with mixed oxides to achieve the capacitor’s desired characteristics.

Also Read: Crystal Oscillator: Circuit, Applications, Frequency & Working

Film capacitors

Non-polarized capacitors with an insulating plastic film as the dielectric are known as film capacitors or plastic film capacitors. The dielectric films are thinned to a thin sheet, then woven into a cylindrical winding with metallic electrodes.

Screen capacitor electrodes may be metallized aluminium or zinc on one or both sides of the plastic film, resulting in metallized film capacitors or film/foil capacitors with a separate metallic foil overlying the film.

Also Read: Colpitts Oscillator: Working, Circuit, frequency derivation

Power film capacitors

The power film capacitor is a similar kind. Big power film capacitors are often made of the same materials and fabrication methods as ordinary film capacitors. For historical purposes, capacitors with moderate to extremely high strength levels for use in power systems and electrical installations are also listed separately.

Ordinary film capacitors are standardised based on electrical and mechanical criteria. By comparison, the local regulatory authority stresses the protection of staff and facilities while standardising power capacitors.

Also Read: Parallel Plate Capacitor: Electric field, Equation, Capacitance Explained

Electrolytic capacitors

The dielectric of electrolytic capacitors is an oxidised coating over a metallic anode. A non-solid (wet) or solid electrolyte is used as the second electrode. Polarization is a feature of electrolytic capacitors. There are three families to choose from, each with its own dielectric properties.

Also Read: what is a flux capacitor: Real life, Uses & Video Explained


Supercapacitors (SC) are an electrochemical capacitor family. Electric double-layer capacitors (EDLC), pseudocapacitors, and hybrid capacitors are all referred to as supercapacitors or ultracapacitors. They lack a traditional solid dielectric. An electrochemical capacitor’s capacitance value is calculated by two storage rules, all of which relate to the capacitor’s overall capacitance.

Also Read: Capacitor, Capacitance, charge time, and Charge Explained

Class X and Class Y capacitors

When a “fail-to-short-circuit” may place humans in danger, certain safety laws require the use of Class X or Class Y capacitors to ensure galvanic separation even though the capacitor fails.

Miscellaneous capacitors

In electronics, modern technologies or very rare capacitor types, as well as older types, can be found under the above-mentioned capacitors, which occupy virtually the entire market for discrete capacitors.

Variable capacitors

Variable capacitors have a mechanical construction that allows the distance between the plates or the volume of plate surface area that overlaps to be changed. As a dielectric medium, they often use air.

Ac Capacitor Wiring Diagram

ac capacitor connection Following picture have 2 capacitors, And the first capacitor have 10uf 370 vac and second have 20Mfd 440 Vac and the following pictures is a example of  capacitors and wire them in Parallel.

Ac Capacitor Wiring Diagram

ac capacitor hsn code

ac capacitor hsn code to find hsn code of capacitor click here

ac capacitor price

Replacing your AC capacitor does not have to be expensive. As a DIY project (details below), you’ll just have to pay for the capacitor. The cost can vary based on a number of factors, including the capacitor’s name, capacitance, and size. The cost of the component, however, should be between $5 and $30.

ac capacitor price in india

The price of capacitor depends on its value, The following table can help you

Usage/ApplicationMin PriceMax Price
Air conditioner/MotorRs 20/PieceRs 500/Piece
PowerRs 5/PieceRs 200/Piece

Leave a Comment